Yarn Lover's Room

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Knitting Instruction         Exchange to crochet 

Knitting Stitches These simple knitting instructions are presented for your guidance and reference. A beginner should practice with plastic knitting needles and a medium weight yarn until evenness and accuracy arc obtained. Knitting consists of a series of loops or stitches interlocking and forms an elastic fabric. Two knitting needles are required for flat work, and three or more for circular work, unless a circular knitting needle is used.   

 To cast on.Make a slip loop over left needle, * pass right needle through loop from left to right, yarn under and over right needle, draw yarn through loop and transfer loop to left needle by inserting left needle in loop from right to left. Repeat from * until desired number of stitches are on the left hand needle.

Another way to cast on.  Make a slip loop about 30" from the end of yarn or desired length to make the number of stitches required. Slip it on to a needle and hold needle in right hand; * with short end of yarn make a loop on left thumb, insert needle in this loop from left to right, and with long end, bring yarn under and over needle and draw through loop on thumb, tighten short end with left hand; repeat from * for required number of stitches.

  

To knit (K).All letters in brackets indicate abbreviations used in instructions. When desired number of stitches have been cast on, pass the right needle through the first loop on left needle from left to right, yarn under and over right needle. Draw through and allow first stitch on left needle to slip off, and repeat until no stitches remain on left needle. When plain knitting is repeated back and forth any number of times, the work is alike on both sides and known as the Garter Stitch.

To purl (P).

Bring the yarn in front of the needle, insert right hand needle in first loop on left-hand needle from right to left. Pass yarn around back of right hand needle from right to left and draw through loop backward, allowing stitch to slip off left needle as in knitting. Continue to work each stitch in this manner being careful to have yarn in front of work.

 

   Stockinette Stitch.

K. 1 Row, P 1 Row alternately. On circular needle or sock needles knit continuously.

 

To increase.

To increase a stitch, knit one stitch in regular way but without slipping the stitch off the left needle, then knit another stitch through the back of same stitch and slip stitch off left hand needle.

 

   To work even:

Means that the Row is to be made without increasing or decreasing.

 

   To decrease

or to knit 2 together (K. 2 tog). To decrease a stitch, knit 2 sts. together, or purl 2 sts. together. To decrease at edges knit the 2nd and 3rd sts. together. This makes an even edge.

 

    To bind off.

To bind off, knit 2 sts. in the regular way, * slip the first st. over the second. Knit another st. and repeat from * until only one st. remains. Break yarn and draw it through this last loop.

All letters in brackets indicate abbreviations used in instructions. When desired number of stitches have been cast on, pass the right needle through the first loop on left needle from left to right, yarn under and over right needle. Draw through and allow first stitch on left needle to slip off, and repeat until no stitches remain on left needle. When plain knitting is repeated back and forth any number of times, the work is alike on both sides and known as the Garter Stitch.

   To work ribbing.

Cast on a multiple of 4 sts, * knit 2 sts., bring yarn under needle to front of work, purl 2 sts. take yarn under needle to back of work, and repeat from * to end of Row. Repeat this Row. Bind off in pattern. 

Symbols (*___*)

Symbols indicate that work described between them is to be repeated as " Repeat from * ". 

When directions call for repeating a given number of times, it is understood that this is in addition to the original. Thus, repeat 5 times means 6 times in all.

 

   Slipping a Stitch (Sl. St.).

Slip the stitch from left needle to right needle as for purl without working it. To pass a slip st. over a knit st., (P. S. S. 0.) Sl 1 st, k 1 st. Bring the Sl. st. over the K. st., as in binding off. This is used in working lace patterns.

 

   Yarn Over (Y. 0.)

This means to bring the yarn under the needle, forward, then over the needle, backward, ready to K. the next st. This makes an extra st. These "Yarn Overs" form holes and are used for openwork patterns.

 

  Weaving.

Weaving Stockinette Stitch-Thread a darning needle and bring pieces to be joined close together. Draw up yarn in first stitch on upper piece, inserting needle from wrong side; insert needle from right side in first stitch on lower piece and bring up through next stitch on lower piece from wrong side-draw up yarn; * insert needle from right side in same stitch as before on upper piece and bring up through next stitch on upper piece from wrong side-draw up yarn; insert needle from right side in same stitch as before on lower piece and bring up through next stitch on lower piece – draw up yarn; repeat from * until all stitches are joined. Fasten yarn well before breaking off.